Строение средостения (А – схема, Б – сагиттальное сечение грудной клетки:

1 – Superior mediastinum; 2 = 3 + 4 + 5 – Inferior mediastinum; 3 – Posterior mediastinum; 4 – Middle mediastinum; 5 – Anterior mediastinum; 6 – Right atrium; 7 – Lumbar part; 8 – Spinal cord; 9 – Oesophagus; 10 – Left atrium; 11 – Transverse pericardial sinus; 12 – Left pulmonary vein; 13 – Right pulmonary artery; 14 – Interspinalis; 15 – Posterior internal vertebral venous plexus; 16 – Right main bronchus;17 – Basivertebral veins; 18 – Tracheal bifurcation and Carina of trachea; 19 – Trachea; 20 – Vertebra prominens [CVII]; 21 – Trachea, membranous wall; 22 – Oesophagus, cervical part; 23 – Infraglottic cavity; 24 – Vocal ligament; 25 – Thyroid cartilage; 26 – Thyroid gland; 27 – Tracheal cartilages; 28 – Brachiocephalic trunk; 29 – Left brachiocephalic vein; 30 – Arch of aorta; Aortic arch; 31 – Ascending aorta; 32 – Thymus; 33 – Aortic valve; Left, posterior and right semilunar cusps; 34 – Myocardium; 35 – Tricuspid valve; Right atrioventricular valve; 36 – Ribs [VI, VII]; 37 – Pericardial cavity; 38 – Parietal layer; 39 – Visceral layer; Epicardium; 40 = 38 +

39 – Serous pericardium; 41 – Liver, bare area; 42 – Liver

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